Japanese gardens arose under the impression of Chinese gardens. The difference between Japanese and Chinese gardens, S. S. Ozhegov describes as “… In Japan, the garden is formed around a compact, generally symmetrical group of buildings. The Chinese garden includes a symmetrical group of buildings with an axial build, and usually with courtyards. In China, the most expressive point of view on the landscape are highlighted by pergolas, gates, special round openings (in the shape of the moon). Japanese garden design so that a change of beautiful scenery was continuously driven along the route…”.
Religion of Japan – Shinto is rooted in nature. The ceremony and the gods of Shinto are closely linked with the seasons and the scenery. With the building of the capital city – Kyoto – the culture of gardens beginning to bloom. This time is known as the Heian period (794 – 1185 CE) which is associated with the appearance of the characteristic style for gardens. Many gardens in this period occupied a large territory. Almost always in the center of the garden was a large pond that served as water supplies. In the gardens so dear to early flowering plants, paid great attention to the evergreens and conifers. For autumn flowering is widely used chrysanthemum. The Japanese garden is a huge source of images for the viewer, a place of transformation and area of a dreamer that allows you to transcend everyday reality. Continue reading
What to give to Japanese for the New Year
In Japan it is impossible to give for the New Year
(these were my first ideas, which were immediately rejected):
You can not give the rake – the ritual wreath that hung on the front door of every Japanese home.
Many Japanese told me that they have no tradition to give presents for the New Year. Well, you can give something without a specific topic, but not necessarily. Simvolicheskie gifts some in Japan give employees, neighbors, relatives. See photos from new year’s Japanese stores, what the Japanese give gifts for the New year .
And yet I found a solution.
Before the New Year, every Japanese home on the table or tokonoma put special ritual food – Kagami mochi (sounds like `urine`) for happiness and a harvest year. Made from special mochi sticky rice and sold in any supermarket, the store is `100 yen`, of course these factory mass consumption products not fit for gift. But if you make the mochi themselves (which is pretty hard) – it will be a perfectly acceptable gift for the Japanese.
Also in Japan there are many shops producing mochi in the old style, manually. They are not cheap, and if you have a fairly close relationship to the family, where you want to make Continue reading
South Korea is exotic, although, however, and modernity. Located in the southern part of the Korean Peninsula.
South Korea is a highly developed country with beautiful scenery, and friendly people. After the Second world war the country became a Republic. The country covers a dense network of canals, rivers and vast areas covered with forests, which cover about 60% of the area of the whole country. The only neighbour of that country is North Korea, which has a much poorer nature. This is mainly due to the warmer climate and great coastline of South Korea.
The history of Korea is rooted in the year 2333 BC. According to the legend, it was then that Dan-gun founded the first Korean Kingdom – Cocoon. From 57 BC 676 lasted the Era of the Three Kingdoms. Three Royal dynasties: Goguryeo, Baekje and Silla then fought for influence over the country. In the end, the latter won. In the X century began the reign of the Koryo dynasty. Its significance is evidenced by the fact that the Cortex is where the name “Korea”. At the time Buddhism became the state religion and greatly influenced both culture and politics. In 1392, General Lee overthrew the Song dynasty with the help of their Chinese allies. That was the beginning of the Joseon dynasty, which ruled until 1910.
The influence of Chinese culture was seen mainly at the expense of Confucianism, which became popular from the late Continue reading