The Traditional holidays in Japan: Japanese New year
New year in Japan
Traditional Japanese holidays
You can hardly find a country like Japan, where such a wide variety of holidays. However, the specificity of Japanese holidays is their well-defined aesthetic criteria, as well as complex rules, traditions, special rituals, through family education and communication. Favorite and most fun Japanese festival is a New year, which relates to three of the most important to Sandisco, together with the Foundation Day of the state, as well as the birthday of the Emperor. Before New year in Japan is celebrated according to the lunar calendar, but since the end of the nineteenth century it correlated with the New year, celebrated according to the Gregorian calendar, and the celebration of Christmas.
Japanese New year
The Japanese begin to prepare for the holiday in advance: almost throughout December they are busy with Christmas chores, trying to catch up as best you can to prepare for the New year. Markets and fairs held on new year’s eve are evidence of the holiday hustle and bustle. protection of commercial information of Bird colonies called “the tories-but ichi” arranged since the eighteenth century. Especially attractive to them was a rake – Canada that act as good luck charm. No less popular since the nineteenth century, and is Fair “Tosi is but iti”, which is bought and sold all sorts of things. It takes place in one of the districts of Tokyo, namely in Asakusa, near the temple of the goddess Kannon. No less famous in Tokyo and is fair, taking place in Setagaya ward called “Setagaya Boro-ichi” on it, people sell what they no longer need, and the money spend on the procurement for the New year.
Today the fair has somewhat lost its significance, today they are more of a exhibition and sale for new year holidays. Widespread supermarkets, grocery stores, and numerous benches for special purposes. From the earlier fairs remained a Fair year, and the market is junk. Special flavor of the fairs and markets, give the racket, intended to play the shuttlecock called “hagoita”. On the reverse side of the racket with portraits of actors playing in the theatre “Kabuki” or episodes of his performances. A large number of hagoita is a colorful mural, for this reason such fairs markets are often referred to as “hagoita-ichi”.
The largest fair of today is a fair held in the city of Odawara, located on the Tokaido tract in the Central part of Japan. In such markets you can buy not only the products necessary for the celebration of the New year – outfits, food, gifts, ritual objects and jewelry, as well as wishes, dreams and, of course, destiny, the personification of which are Daruma, hamoumi, as well as Takara-Bune. Daruma is a doll-deity of the Buddhist Pantheon and is made of wood or papier-mache, its analogue the doll stands-tumbler. Hamoumi are blunt arrows with white feathers, they are designed to protect the house from misfortune and evil spirits.
Takara-Bune the ships, filled with rice, their deck is seated the seven gods, which symbolize prosperity and happiness. Dakota – it’s the luck of Ebisu – sincerity, Benton symbolizes friendliness, Jurojin – the long summer, Bishamon-Teng – it is a dignity, a symbol of generosity is Hotei, and reliability symbolizes Fukurokuju. Every purchase is attached traditional animal figure which is the sign of the New year. As you can see, the celebration of New year in Japan – a chance to get acquainted with interesting traditions and rituals, to purchase unique gifts, which for many years will be a reminder of this amazing trip.