Japanese style in the creation of the garden
Japanese gardens arose under the impression of Chinese gardens. The difference between Japanese and Chinese gardens, S. S. Ozhegov describes as “… In Japan, the garden is formed around a compact, generally symmetrical group of buildings. The Chinese garden includes a symmetrical group of buildings with an axial build, and usually with courtyards. In China, the most expressive point of view on the landscape are highlighted by pergolas, gates, special round openings (in the shape of the moon). Japanese garden design so that a change of beautiful scenery was continuously driven along the route…”.
Religion of Japan – Shinto is rooted in nature. The ceremony and the gods of Shinto are closely linked with the seasons and the scenery. With the building of the capital city – Kyoto – the culture of gardens beginning to bloom. This time is known as the Heian period (794 – 1185 CE) which is associated with the appearance of the characteristic style for gardens. Many gardens in this period occupied a large territory. Almost always in the center of the garden was a large pond that served as water supplies. In the gardens so dear to early flowering plants, paid great attention to the evergreens and conifers. For autumn flowering is widely used chrysanthemum. The Japanese garden is a huge source of images for the viewer, a place of transformation and area of a dreamer that allows you to transcend everyday reality. Gardens in Japan in the past were intended for meditation, they were created to please the eye, to serve as food for the mind and senses. The first mention of the garden in Japan refers to 74g BC the First of the gardens, from the literature, were abundant in the winding streams, smash them around the ponds. The plants in the gardens were very diverse.
The main ideas of the Japanese garden: miniaturization and symbolism, the basic qualities – natural authenticity and artistry. The Japanese garden is designed for a static perception. Traditionally, the gardens planned so that from the place of observation, especially with the waterfront, a scenic view.
The basic materials for Japanese gardens: water, stone, vegetation.
Water on the area can take from 30 to 70%, settled in the island, all kinds of bridges. Stone and water symbolized the powerful forces of nature, and these devices are gardens to this day has not lost its symbolic value. Separate and collected in the composition of the stones (isigodi) are the “skeleton” of the garden. The stones in the garden is always special rules, select them by type, color, texture.
Japanese garden saturated with symbols, for example, Islands in ponds – turtle, the crane.
Created moss gardens, rock gardens, miniature gardens, gardens for tea ceremonies.
In Japan it is learned especially to age the stones, sculptures, grow miniature plants.
“… The traditions of Kyoto, there are three types of kindergartens: “Ke” is designed for domestic household needs; “hare” is used for formal traditional ceremonies; gardens “Bitches” are only aesthetic function. Often in one garden merge function “ke” and “hare” or “hare” and “bitches”…”
Japanese garden – a special garden, we at home only adapt to its natural environment and culture of the country in which it is created. We are able only to give a Japanese flavor of any one area of your garden or use individual items as garden ornaments such as Japanese lanterns they are arranged independently from the primordial symbolism as a purely decorative garden ornaments. To create the atmosphere of the East, enough to build a small pond and gardens with stones or sand or gravel, place the lamps in an Oriental style. As a rule, we create a hybrid of traditional Japanese and Western styles, the blending of styles can look very impressive than strict imitation of the Japanese style.