Japanese gardens arose under the impression of Chinese gardens. The difference between Japanese and Chinese gardens, S. S. Ozhegov describes as “… In Japan, the garden is formed around a compact, generally symmetrical group of buildings. The Chinese garden includes a symmetrical group of buildings with an axial build, and usually with courtyards. In China, the most expressive point of view on the landscape are highlighted by pergolas, gates, special round openings (in the shape of the moon). Japanese garden design so that a change of beautiful scenery was continuously driven along the route…”.
Religion of Japan – Shinto is rooted in nature. The ceremony and the gods of Shinto are closely linked with the seasons and the scenery. With the building of the capital city – Kyoto – the culture of gardens beginning to bloom. This time is known as the Heian period (794 – 1185 CE) which is associated with the appearance of the characteristic style for gardens. Many gardens in this period occupied a large territory. Almost always in the center of the garden was a large pond that served as water supplies. In the gardens so dear to early flowering plants, paid great attention to the evergreens and conifers. For autumn flowering is widely used chrysanthemum. The Japanese garden is a huge source of images for the viewer, a place of transformation and area of a dreamer that allows you to transcend everyday reality. Continue reading
South Korea is exotic, although, however, and modernity. Located in the southern part of the Korean Peninsula.
South Korea is a highly developed country with beautiful scenery, and friendly people. After the Second world war the country became a Republic. The country covers a dense network of canals, rivers and vast areas covered with forests, which cover about 60% of the area of the whole country. The only neighbour of that country is North Korea, which has a much poorer nature. This is mainly due to the warmer climate and great coastline of South Korea.
The history of Korea is rooted in the year 2333 BC. According to the legend, it was then that Dan-gun founded the first Korean Kingdom – Cocoon. From 57 BC 676 lasted the Era of the Three Kingdoms. Three Royal dynasties: Goguryeo, Baekje and Silla then fought for influence over the country. In the end, the latter won. In the X century began the reign of the Koryo dynasty. Its significance is evidenced by the fact that the Cortex is where the name “Korea”. At the time Buddhism became the state religion and greatly influenced both culture and politics. In 1392, General Lee overthrew the Song dynasty with the help of their Chinese allies. That was the beginning of the Joseon dynasty, which ruled until 1910.
The influence of Chinese culture was seen mainly at the expense of Confucianism, which became popular from the late Continue reading
Holidays in Japan
In Japan, at the state level there are 15 holidays of the year. Every holiday is an official day off. If the holiday falls on a weekend then it is transferred on a working day. But if it turns out that working day is sandwiched between two holiday weekends, it becomes the third official holiday.
But holidays in Japan are not limited to 15 days off per year. The residents of this country celebrate many informal, traditional or borrowed holidays. Traditional celebrations in Japan take the start in the beginning of the year, January 1st. This day is a public holiday and in General celebrate the New year like in Europe. There was a time when New year in Japan is celebrated according to the Gregorian and the lunar calendar.
Holidays January is in full swing on the second Monday of the month: coming of age Day. This holiday is celebrated by every citizen of Japan, which last year turned 20 years old (the Japanese legal age).
National holidays of Japan include new year according to the lunar calendar – right on 4 February. It is considered on 4 February the beginning of spring. Foundation day of Japan – official holiday, celebrated on February 11. Unofficial holiday Valentine’s Day is also widely celebrated in Japan. And, traditionally, the women congratulate the men chocolate.
The festival of dolls or holiday of peach Continue reading